Tag Archives: critical thinking

English 9 Enriched: Visible Thinking- Frankenstein’s Creation

Students will be evaluating film techniques as well as comparing and contrasting film to text.  for the Visible Thinking part of the exercise, we will watch two different film interpretations of the creation scene in Frankenstein.    They will be looking for a total of ten things they notice (See) in each clip; however, they have to find two in each of the following categories: Characterization, Lighting, Set Design, Sound/Music, Costumes/Make-Up.

The first is from the Universal Films 1931 production starring Colin Clive as Henry Frankenstein (notice the name change) and Boris Karloff as the creature (on a side note, Boris Karloff’s– whose real name was William Henry  Pratt– great grand-nephew lives here in Rochester).

NOTE: the YouTube link is to one person’s channel, and the videos all play when going to this link.  The one I used in class is the four minute piece at clip 3.  I am saving Gene Wilder for when we do parody!

The second is from Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein (1994) directed by Kenneth Branagh, who also stars as Victor Frankenstein, with Robert De Niro as the Creature.

After watching both clips, students shared what they saw in each of the five categories with a partner.  They then went on to write three things they THINK about how the clips reflect events in the novel, followed by three things they WONDER about how the clips reflect the events in the novel.  They must keep in mind as they write what they think and wonder that they are going to be asked to write a comparison/contrast piece for the film clips and the novel.

Students were then given two different colored Post-Its for SEE/THINK/WONDER; one color that related to the Universal film, and another for the Branagh version.   We then shared aloud and posted them in the front of the room on a large poster paper.  Once all students had the opportunity to share, we discussed the major similarities and differences between Hollywood and Shelley’s work.  They then went on to work on their writing pieces.

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Filed under Domain 1: Planning and Preparation, Domain 2: Classroom Environment, Domain 3: Instruction, English 9 Enriched, Visible Thinking

English 9 Enriched: Defending Evidence Based Claims and Elevating Diction

My enriched kids are taking the Evidence Based Claims worksheets further than what we are currently doing in 9 Regents.  In this exercise, I put the following on the overhead:

Forming Evidence Based Claims for Frankenstein, Chapters 1-3

Each pair of rows will have one of the three chapters.  For each chapter, there will be students forming Evidence Based Claims about TWO of the following aspects of the narrative (one from column 1 and one from column 2):

Column 1: Characters                          Column 2:  other aspects

Victor’s character (Ch 1-3)                                 The setting in Geneva  (Ch 2)

Victor’s mother’s character (Ch 1-2)              Victor’s family life (Ch 1-2)

Victor’s father’s character  (Ch 1-2)               Victor’s early education (Ch 1-2)

Elizabeth’s character (Ch 2-3)                          Victor’s parents’ visit to the Lake of Como (Ch 1)

Henry Clerval’s character (Ch 2-3)                The effect of the lightning storm on Victor (Ch 2)

Mr. Krempe’s character (Ch 3)                         Victor’s mother’s death (Ch 3)

Mr. Waldman’s character (Ch 3)                      Victor’s ambitions  (Ch 1-3)

Victor’s university education (Ch3)                                                                                                                                                                           The university at Ingolstadt  (Ch 3)

 

First, I assigned a chapter to each pair of rows.  I gave each pair of students two Forming Evidence Based Claims worksheets, and then I drew class cards so that each student could choose a topic that related to their assigned chapter.  One partner chose from Column 1 for a character in their assigned chapter, and the other chose from Column 2 for some other aspect relating to their chapter.

Once the pairs had their two topics, I set them to work finding textual evidence for the top boxes of their Forming EBC worksheets first.  I told them that claims about characters would involve character traits, and the other claims would be about the significance of the aspect to the novel (either so far or as an element of foreshadowing).  They were to remember the overall setting of the novel: Victor is, throughout the entire book, telling his tale to Robert Walton aboard his ship that is stuck in the ice.  All these are details that Victor has chosen to relate to the captain; WHY are they significant enough for him to mention?

One stipulation, though, was that all claims had to be made using elevated vocabulary.  Since the book we are using contains a huge glossary in the back, and the packet I gave them also includes a vast glossary, they must find stronger, more precise words than “loving”, “caring” (a personal abhorrence), and “nice” (a word the belongs on the Dead List of character traits).  This is a skill we are still working on improving, and I am trying to get them to become more precise in their diction.

Student examples:

Matina Fr 1-3 Victor's Character

Matina attempted to use “vehement” to characterize Victor Frankenstein in Chapter 2.  The class talked about the word choice and thought about whether or not that was a word that really fit Victor’s personality.  We examined her choice of details as well as the claim she was making, and she finally came to choose the word “obsessive” in relation to this work.  I agreed with her choice because that word carried the negative connotation that would go along with the violent outbursts she describes.

__________________________________________________________

James Fr 1-3 Victor's ambition

In order to make a claim about Victor’s ambitions in chapter 2, James used a character trait (“his curiosity”) to formulate his point.  He embedded a quotation from the text as support right in his claim, and his final statement sums up his position well.  What was missing, though, was use of elevated vocabulary.  While I do see that he was getting right to the point of his claim, I would like to have James practice using higher diction that reflects Shelley’s word choices.

________________________________________________________

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English 9 Regents: Part II- Making Evidence Based Claims

After having the kids repeat the steps for paragraphs 3-6 of Plato’s “Apology” that they’d done for the first two paragraphs (RHA, paraphrase, answer questions, form EBC), we moved on to the next step in the process: MAKING Evidence Based Claims.

At first I struggled with how this was different from the FORMING Evidence Based Claims worksheet.  It seemed as if the whole thing was redundant, but it’s actually not.

In the first worksheet, students must come to a conclusion AFTER examining the text closely (“I see this; therefore, I am able to claim that.”)  The second worksheet asks the students to make two claims about what they have read first, and THEN go back to look for evidence to support the claims (“I claim this, and this supports what I think.”)   It’s a different type of thinking.

Here are two student examples:

Alyssa Making EBC Paragraph 3-6

Before Alyssa could fill in the claim section of the sheet, she had to think about what she had read.  Since we had done a Forming EBC sheet, she already had one claim in mind to work with.  However, by the time we got to this sheet, she had changed her claims.  These two claims are stronger than her original on her Forming EBC sheet (“Socrates trusts the Gods but finds himself questioning him in terms of him being the wisest or how his devotion to him limits him in life.  He is not most in repute but those who are happen to be way to full of themselves.”)  Her original claim was too wordy, and it was full of confusing pronoun usage.  I asked her to be more concise and precise in making her claims.  As you can see, she did make changes, and the claims are easier to support.

____________________________________________________________

Ethan Making EBC Paragraph 3-6

Before Ethan filled out this sheet, he had not made a claim on his Forming EBC worksheet; the sheet was blank.  Therefore, it gave him no starting point when attempting to make an EBC.  As a result, it is evident that he did not clearly understand what he’d read in those four paragraphs because Ethan claims that “Socrates is the wisest man.”  When pressed to support this claim, Ethan cites the Oracle’s response to the question of whether or not Socrates is the wisest man: “There is no man wiser” (Plato, line 43).  This is where both Ethan AND Socrates got confused.

______________________________________________________________

Socrates

I drew the little picture on the board (no artist am I), and then I asked the students, “Which of these do you suppose the Oracle really meant?”  and I let them argue a bit about it.  Then I told them what I thought it meant.  By interpreting the Oracle’s words to mean that since “there is no man wiser” (Plato, line 43), then Socrates must be the wisest man on earth, that is jumping to conclusions.  What both Socrates and Ethan need to learn is to really pay attention to the words that the Oracle used.   What Socrates later learned after going around and questioning different people and testing their wisdom against his and coming to the conclusion that these so-called wise people were no wiser than he was, and he did not consider himself at all wise, then there IS no man wiser than Socrates or any other man for that matter.   This kind of “taking things literally” and jumping to conclusions is actually the kind of thinking that this whole “Evidence Based Claims” unit is all about addressing.  I may not have been very pleased when I first saw the choice for this unit because I really thought that it was going to be too far above the heads of 9th graders.  After beginning to work with it, I am very happy to report that I do think this is an appropriate piece, and I will use it again in the future.

_________________________________________________________________

After the students finished their Making Evidence Based Claims worksheets, the next class I gave each student two Post-It notes using two colors (one for “Claim” and one for “Evidence”).  I asked them to look over the Making EBC worksheet, and choose the stronger of the two claims they had made and write that claim on their pink Post-It.   Then they had to examine the three pieces of evidence they had found to support that claim, and choose the strongest piece of evidence they had and write that on the yellow Post-It.  Once they had both Post-Its filled out, we were ready to start.

I started by pulling one students name from the deck of 3×5 cards that I used throughout the year (These cards have their names, contact info, textbook numbers, and I keep track of who worked in what group and also what topics they had for research, what Shakespearean speech they memorized, etc).  This is an effective way for me to call on kids so that nobody zones out.  It’s also how I call on “volunteers” when no one raises a hand to answer a question.  Anyhow, after I called on the first student, he/she read the claim on their pink Post-It and stuck it under “Claim” on the front board.  I then asked, “OK, who has the same claim as ___?”  Those with the same claim came forward and put their Post-Its next to the one already on the board.  I then pulled another card, that claim was stuck below the last one.  I once again asked who had the same claim, and the entire process was repeated until everyone had a claim on the board.

Then it was time to deal with the evidence.  I read out loud Claim #1 and asked all those who’d made that claim to come forward with their evidence to support the claim (for the first one, five people made that claim, so I had there ended up being five pieces of evidence brought forward).  I had the students read their evidence to the class and post it on the board.  Once we heard all five pieces of evidence (two of them were repeats, so it actually boiled down to three different quotations), I asked the students to decide which of the evidence provided BEST supported the claim.  All those who believed that quote 1 was the best were sent to one corner of the room, those who voted for #2 went to another corner, and the same for quote 3.   I then began with group 1 and asked them to support WHY they thought that particular quotation was stronger than the other two.  Once I had two responses, I turned to the other groups and said, “Ok, go ahead and tell those folks why YOUR choice of quotation is stronger than theirs.”

For several of the claims, I noticed that we had huge crowds in the corners that had selected the most obvious statements as the strongest support.  For example, five students claimed that “Socrates believes he is not the wisest man.”   Of the evidence, one of the quotations was, “I know that I have no wisdom,” and most students voted that as the strongest piece of textual evidence.  When I asked them how they would expand on the quote to explain how it supports the claim, the best they could come up with was that Socrates came right out and said it.  When I told them that it does not leave much room for analysis to go with the obvious, it led to a pretty good argument… and it ended up being between students, not between me and students.   As we shared evidence, we also drew lines to connect particular quotes that could support one or more of the given claims.  By the time we finished, the board looked like this:

Making EBC Par 3-6

Ultimately what I am trying to do is to get kids to think before they choose quotes to add to their writing as support.  I have been telling them since September about the differences between grades of ground beef.  You can buy 70/30, 80/20, or 95/5.   All can be used to make meatloaf; however, when all is said and done, which pan of meatloaf is really going to end up more of a soggy mess from all the fat?  Everyone agreed that using 70/30 ground beef was going to produce more grease and a smaller meatloaf dinner for the family.   It’s still meatloaf, it’s still edible, but it just isn’t going to be the same, or as healthy, as the 95/5 variety.   That’s how I feel about how they go about choosing supporting evidence for their writing.  I have been saying all year, “Give me the meat, not the fat!”

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Filed under Domain 2: Classroom Environment, Domain 3: Instruction, English 9 Regents, Visible Thinking

English 9 Regents: The Hobbit WebQuest (The Goblins)

Welcome members of the Great Goblin’s group!  You will need to collaborate on each of the following to complete your web quest.

Day 1:  Characterization

Each member must complete ONE of the following for the Great Goblin’s character:

–  A physical description of the Great Goblin (with hand-drawn, labeled picture based on textual information)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing the basic characteristics of goblins

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two positive character traits of the Great Goblin (use parenthetical documentation)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two negative character traits of the Great Goblin (use parenthetical documentation)

Goblins  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goblin

Encyclopedia of Arda: Goblins  http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/g/goblins.html

The Grey Havens: The Relationship Between Orcs and Goblins  http://tolkien.cro.net/orcs/goblins.html

Day 2:  Creature Features

All members of the group will do the following:

Using the links below, find out all you can about Wargs.  One person in your group will illustrate a warg based on your findings (not the same artist for the characterization!).   The remaining members will EACH write a two chunk paragraph describing the various characteristics and habits of Wargs.  Make sure to consult with one another so that you have different responses! 

Encyclopedia of Arda: Wargs

http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/w/wargs.html

Wargs  http://www.santharia.com/bestiary/warg.htm

Wikipedia: Wargs  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wargs

Day 3:  Specialties: Those Goblins just love their dark, underground world and making trouble for anyone who dares enter into it!  No wonder they are such fierce warriors!

Each member will complete ONE of the following:

– Celebrations: Select (or create) a holiday that would have been celebrated by Goblins.  In three two-chunk paragraphs, describe the significance of the holiday as well as activities that all good Goblins would engage in!

Celebrating the Seasons

*NOTE: this site lists ancient, earth-based holidays such as those that would probably have been celebrated in Middle Earth.  The information is for accuracy of the setting of the novel and is not intended to support or challenge any religious beliefs.  http://www.circlesanctuary.org/pholidays/PaganHolidays.html

– Warfare:  Goblin war tactics are not only fierce, they are often not fair!  Examine the links below and gather information about other battles that have taken place in Middle Earth (even those not in The Hobbit).  In three two-chunk body paragraphs (you still have to write an intro and a conclusion), describe the tactics of the Goblins in three other battles in Middle Earth.

Telroth’s Tower: Middle Earth War Tactics  http://www.djcl.com/telroth/tactics3.html

Tolkien’s Middle Earth Battles  http://larsen-family.us/~1066/

– Spelunking:  Batman is not the only one who loves spelunking!  Goblins live for it!  Examine the links below and then create at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about the best places to spelunk and why.

 

Wikipedia: Spelunking  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spelunking

Chimney Mountain and Eagle Cave  http://www.steuben.org/hobbies/ChimneyMountain/index.html

On-line Tour of Howe Caverns  http://www.howecaverns.com/

– Swords/Weaponry:  Goblins are also not-so-skillful makers of weapons: axes, swords, instruments of torture.  Examine the links below, and then write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about the history and process of sword and other weapon-making.

 

Sword Making   http://www.anvilfire.com/FAQs/swords_faq_index.htm

Medieval Weaponry   http://www.palos118.org/South/curriculum/team6c/midages/weaponry/index.htm

Day 4:  Riddles and Songs

Everyone in the group must do ALL of the following:

    –  In Chapter 5, Gollum and Bilbo have a riddle contest deep in the underground tunnels of Misty Mountain.  Their riddles use clues and hints to try to describe a specific thing. 

Read and, in a one-chunk paragraph, explain each of the following riddles from Bilbo and Gollum’s contest:

What has roots as nobody sees,

                         Is taller than trees,

                                  Up, up it goes,

                                  And yet never grows?

 

                         Thirty white horses on a red hill,

                                   First they champ,

                                  Then they stamp,

                         Then they stand still.

 

     –  Choose a common object and brainstorm as many qualities as you can about it.  Then, using rhyme, devise a four-lined to eight-lined riddle using the traits of the object that would stump even Bilbo! 

Looking at Riddle Formation  http://www.geocities.com/d_champions_hall/ezine/article2.htm

– Even the underground, grubby goblins aren’t beyond singing a song or two!  Re-read the songs of the goblins from The Hobbit listed below.  For each, summarize the message/central idea of the song and relate the idea to the singers.  Does each song support what we as readers know about the goblins’ character?  What does each demonstrate about them?

– Define each of the following poetic terms and use them to analyze both of the goblin songs: assonance, repetition, imagery, onomatopoeia, tone, structure, and rhyme scheme.  Demonstrate how these elements in his songs add to the characterization of the singers.

Glossary of Poetic Terms  http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/display_rpo/poetterm.cfm

                     page 60-61

                                                page 106-107

Day 5:  Symbolic Objects/Tools

– Each member of your group must decide on a different specific object or tool that would best represent or support The Great Goblin’s character.  For example, in The Odyssey, Athena’s wisdom could be represented by an owl.  While the members will draw each of the symbols on one collective poster, each individual will write a two-chunk paragraph explaining why the symbol is appropriate for the Great Goblin.

Explore a World of Symbols  http://www.symbols.com/

Dictionary of Symbolism  http://www.umich.edu/~umfandsf/symbolismproject/symbolism.html/

–  Each member will select a different season of the year and write a two chunk paragraph that demonstrates how his/her particular season mirrors the journey of Bilbo Baggins.

Day 6:  Travel and Tourism: the Goblin Caves

Each member will do ONE of the following:

Your group is promoting travel and tourism for the realm of the Goblins.  Hey, you never know…Goblins have out of realm relatives, don’t they?  Your group is compiling promotional information in order to attract visitors to come and spend their gold in the Goblins’ underground town.

Each member of your group will do ONE of the following:

  –  Create an overall guidebook to The Goblin Caves that includes:

* a detailed map of the region

* enticing reasons why The Goblin Caves is the place for

anyone’s next vacation

* climate information

* transportation available

* quotations from previous visitors praising The Goblin Caves

* coupons to local attractions, restaurants, and

accommodations

–  Create a hotel brochure that includes:

* accommodations listings

* amenities

* prices

* promotional package deals

* what’s nearby to do/go to eat

– Create a restaurant menu that includes:

* appetizers, entrees, salads, soups, desserts with descriptions

* lunch/dinner specials

* background information about this family-run business

– Create a museum or recreation brochure that includes at least three “must see” attractions in The Goblin Caves.

                  * what makes each attraction so special?

* prices

* special discounts

– Create a local newspaper’s sports section that describes various sporting events available in The Goblin Caves.  Write at least one article reviewing a particular event that includes players’ names and some kinds of statistics.

 

Day 7:  The Great Goblin’s Journal

Every member of the group will do ALL of the following:

Each member of your group will create a series of journal responses for the Great Goblin.  Do not merely write your responses on lined paper or type them on a word processor… neither of these would exist in Middle Earth.  Use your imagination and create a journal that would not look out of place in the Great Goblin’s cave. 

FCAs:

1. Each response must be at least 150 words in length. 

2. Each response must contain at least three appropriately used vocabulary words from the unit.

3. Each response must create an appropriate “voice” for the Great Goblin.

Respond to each of the following:

     –  The attitude of the Great Goblin toward other creatures in general

     –  The thoughts of the Great Goblin about the creature that lives in the dark, underground lake

     –  The Great Goblin’s reaction when he first heard there were intruders in his cavern

     –  The Great Goblin’s reaction to the capture of the dwarves in their caven

     –  What might have been the Great Goblin’s journal entry if he had survived the arrival of Gandalf?

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Filed under Domain 1: Planning and Preparation, Domain 3: Instruction, English 9 Regents

English 9 Regents: The Hobbit WebQuest (The Elves)

Welcome members of Elrond’s group!  You will need to collaborate on each of the following to complete your web quest.

Day 1:  Characterization

Each member must complete ONE of the following for Elrond’s character:

–  A physical description of Elrond (with hand-drawn, labeled picture based on textual information)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing the basic characteristics of elves

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two positive character traits of Elrond (use parenthetical documentation)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two negative character traits of Elrond (use parenthetical documentation)

The Elves of Middle Earth  http://www.tuckborough.net/elves.html

The Encyclopedia of Arda: A Reference Guide to Tolkien    http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/m/middleearth.html

Day 2:  Creature Features

All members of the group will do the following:

Using the links below, find out all you can about Ents.  One person in your group will illustrate an Ent based on your findings (not the same artist for the characterization!).   The remaining members will EACH write a two chunk paragraph describing the various characteristics and habits of Ents.  Make sure to consult with one another so that you have different responses! 

Encyclopedia of Arda: Ents

http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/e/ents.html

Wikipedia: Ents  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ents

Day 3:  Specialties: Those merry creatures of the forest love music and dancing, but they are also master craftsmen.  No one stands a chance against an elven-sword!

Each member of your group will do ONE of the following:

– Celebrations: Select (or create) a holiday that would have been celebrated by Elves.  In three two-chunk paragraphs, describe the significance of the holiday as well as activities that all good Elves would engage in!

Celebrating the Seasons

*NOTE: this site lists ancient, earth-based holidays such as those that would probably have been celebrated in Middle Earth.  The information is for accuracy of the setting of the novel and is not intended to support or challenge any religious beliefs.  http://www.circlesanctuary.org/pholidays/PaganHolidays.html

– Archery:  Elves are known for their skill with a bow; even Odysseus would be envious!  After examining the links below, write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about the history of archery.

Archery    http://www.archaeolink.com/history_of_archery.htm

Archery History   http://www.archeryhistory.com/index.php

A Shot in Time: A History of Archery  http://www.centenaryarchers.gil.com.au/history.htm

     – Swords/Weaponry:  Elves are also skillful makers of beautiful, strong swords.  Thorin’s Orcrist, Gandalf’s Glamdring and even Bilbo’s Sting are all elven-made swords.  Examine the links below, and then write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about the history and process of sword-making.

Swords Making: Poof! You’re A Swordsmith!    http://www.anvilfire.com/FAQs/swords_faq_index.htm

Medieval Weaponry    http://www.palos118.org/South/curriculum/team6c/midages/weaponry/index.htm

     – Runes:  Elrond is very skillful at reading ancient runes.  Using the links below, research what runes are and how they were used as part of ancient written languages.  Then write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (yes, you need an intro and a conclusion) about the history and use of runes.

 

Runes, Alphabet of Mystery  http://www.sunnyway.com/runes/

The Runic Journey  http://www.tarahill.com/runes/

Omniglot: A Guide to Written Language  http://www.omniglot.com/writing/runic.htm

Day 4:  Riddles and Songs

Each member of the group will do ALL of the following:

–  In Chapter 5, Gollum and Bilbo have a riddle contest deep in the underground tunnels of Misty Mountain.  Their riddles use clues and hints to try to describe a specific thing.

Read and, in a one-chunk paragraph, explain each of the following riddles from Bilbo and Gollum’s contest:

Voiceless it cries,

                         Wingless flutters,

                         Toothless bites,

                         Mouthless mutters.

 

                         An eye in a blue face

                        Saw an eye in a green face.

                        “That eye is like to this eye”

                        Said the first eye,

                        “But in a low place

                         Not in a high place.”

     –  Choose a common object and brainstorm as many qualities as you can about it.  Then, using rhyme, devise a four-lined to eight-lined riddle using the traits of the object that would stump even Bilbo! 

Looking at Riddle Formation  http://www.geocities.com/d_champions_hall/ezine/article2.htm

– The elves sure love to sing!  Re-read the songs of the elves of Rivendell and the wood-elves from The Hobbit listed below.  For each, summarize the message/central idea of the song and relate the idea to the elves.  Does each song support what we as readers know about the elves’ character?  What does each demonstrate about them?

– Define each of the following poetic terms and use them to analyze both of the elves’ songs: assonance, repetition, imagery, onomatopoeia, tone, structure, and rhyme scheme.  Demonstrate how these elements in his songs add to the characterization of the singers.

Glossary of Poetic Terms  http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/display_rpo/poetterm.cfm

page 48-49

                                              page 183-184

Day 5:  Symbolic Objects/Tools

– Each member of your group must decide on a different specific object or tool that would best represent or support Elrond’s character.  For example, in The Odyssey, Athena’s wisdom could be represented by an owl.  While the members will draw each of the symbols on one collective poster, each individual will write a two-chunk paragraph explaining why the symbol is appropriate for Elrond.

Explore a World of Symbols  http://www.symbols.com/

Dictionary of Symbolism  http://www.umich.edu/~umfandsf/symbolismproject/symbolism.html/

–  Each member will select a different season of the year and write a two chunk paragraph that demonstrates how his/her particular season mirrors the journey of Bilbo Baggins.

Day 6:  Travel and Tourism: Rivendell

Each member will do ONE of the following:

After returning home, Bilbo raved so much about his wonderful treatment in Rivendell that travel and tourism to and from the elven area has been booming!  Not wanting to miss out on the opportunity to gain some capital, your group is compiling promotional information in order to attract visitors to come and spend their gold in Rivendell.

  –  Create an overall guidebook to Rivendell that includes:

* a detailed map of the region

* enticing reasons why Rivendell is the place for anyone’s next

vacation

* climate information

* transportation available

* quotations from previous visitors praising Rivendell

* coupons to local attractions, restaurants, and

accommodations

–  Create a hotel brochure that includes:

* accommodations listings

* amenities

* prices

* promotional package deals

* what’s nearby to do/go to eat

– Create a restaurant menu that includes:

* appetizers, entrees, salads, soups, desserts with descriptions

* lunch/dinner specials

* background information about this family-run business

– Create a museum or recreation brochure that includes at least three “must see” attractions in Rivendell.

                  * what makes each attraction so special?

* prices

* special discounts

– Create a local newspaper’s sports section that describes various sporting events available in Rivendell.  Write at least one article reviewing a particular event that includes players’ names and some kinds of statistics.

Day 7:  Elrond’s Journal

Each member will do ALL of the following:

Each member of your group will create a series of journal responses for Elrond.  Do not merely write your responses on lined paper or type them on a word processor… neither of these would exist in Middle Earth.  Use your imagination and create a journal that would not look out of place in Elrond’s home. 

FCAs:

1. Each response must be at least 150 words in length. 

2. Each response must contain at least three appropriately used vocabulary words from the unit.

3. Each response must create an appropriate “voice” for Elrond.

Respond to each of the following:

     –  Elrond’s reaction to the arrival of the company in Rivendell

     –  Elrond’s thoughts about the moon runes

     –  Elrond’s view of the ancient conflict between the elves and the dwarves

     –  Elrond’s reaction after the company leaves Rivendell for Lonely Mountain

     –  Elrond’s reaction to the changes in Bilbo after the journey 

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English 9 Regents: The Hobbit WebQuest (The Dwarves)

Welcome members of Thorin Oakenshield’s group!  You will need to collaborate on each of the following to complete your web quest.

Day 1:  Characterization

Each member must complete ONE of the following for Thorin Oakenshiled’s character:

–  A physical description of Thorin Oakenshield (with hand-drawn, labeled picture based on textual information)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing the basic characteristics of dwarves

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two positive character traits of Thorin Oakenshield (use parenthetical documentation)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two negative character traits of Thorin Oakenshield (use parenthetical documentation)

Thorin Oakenshield  http://www.tuckborough.net/thorin.html

The Encyclopedia of Arda: A reference Guide to the Words of Tolkien   http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/d/dwarves.html

Dwarves  http://tolkienics.com/tolkien/dwarves.htm

Day 2:  Creature Features

All members of the group will do the following:

Using the links below, find out all you can about Trolls.  One person in your group will illustrate a troll based on your findings (not the same artist for the characterization!).   The remaining members will EACH write a two chunk paragraph describing the various characteristics and habits of Trolls.  Make sure to consult with one another so that you have different responses! 

Encyclopedia of Arda: Trolls

http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/t/trolls.html

The Grey Havens: The Origins of Trolls  http://tolkien.cro.net/else/trolls.html

Day 3:  Specialties: Ah, those hard working dwarves!  Although they can be a little gruff around the edges, they create some of the most beautiful objects with the gemstones they mine and through their skillful metalworking. 

Each member will complete ONE of the following activities:

– Celebrations: Select (or create) a holiday that would have been celebrated by Dwarves.  In at least three two-chunk paragraphs, describe the significance of the holiday as well as activities that all good Dwarves would engage in!

Celebrating the Seasons

*NOTE: this site lists ancient, earth-based holidays such as those that would probably have been celebrated in Middle Earth.  The information is for accuracy of the setting of the novel and is not intended to support or challenge any religious beliefs.  http://www.circlesanctuary.org/pholidays/PaganHolidays.html

– Map Making:  Fortunately for the company, Thorin had a map to get them to Lonely Mountain, complete with clues about how to get inside.  Examine the links below and then write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about the history of map making and what goes into making an accurate map.

Fantasy Maps: Map Making  http://www.fantasymaps.com/101/

The Mathematics of Cartography http://math.rice.edu/~lanius/pres/map/maphis.html

Map Making for Gamers   http://www.profantasy.com/

     – Gem Stones:  Dwarves are known for their mining skills and their knowledge of precious gems.  Look at the links below and then write at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (do not forget an intro and a conclusion) about gemstone mining and the symbolic significance of two types of gems that might have been mined by the dwarves.

Mineral Miners  http://www.mineralminers.com/

Gemstone Symbolism  http://www.jewellers.net/gemstone_varieties.htm

     – Metal Working:  Not only are the dwarves excellent miners, they create beautiful metal works!  Examine the links below and then write at least three two-chunk paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a conclusion) about early metal working and what jobs that the dwarves might find today with these skills.

Metalworking Career Guide  http://www.khake.com/page29.html

The Bronze Age: A Guide to Early Metalworking http://www.templeresearch.eclipse.co.uk/bronze/intro.htm

Early History of Metalworking http://www.dartfordarchive.org.uk/early_modern/industry_me.shtml

Day 4:  Riddles and Songs

Each member of the group will do ALL of the following:

–  In Chapter 5, Gollum and Bilbo have a riddle contest deep in the underground tunnels of Misty Mountain.  Their riddles use clues and hints to try to describe a specific thing.

Read and, in a one-chunk paragraph, explain each of the following riddles from Bilbo and Gollum’s contest:

It cannot be seen, cannot be felt,

                         Cannot be heard, cannot be smelt.

                         It lies behind stars and under hills,

                                            And empty holes it fills.

                         It comes first and follows after,

                                          Ends life, kills laughter.

Alive without breath,

                        As cold as death;

                        Never thirsty, ever drinking,

                        All in mail never clinking.

     –  Choose a common object and brainstorm as many qualities as you can about it.  Then, using rhyme, devise a four-lined to eight-lined riddle using the traits of the object that would stump even Bilbo! 

Looking at Riddle Formation  http://www.geocities.com/d_champions_hall/ezine/article2.htm

– The dwarves certainly love to sing!  Re-read the songs of the dwarves from The Hobbit listed below.  For each, summarize the message/central idea of the song and relate the idea to the dwarves.  Does each song support what we as readers know about the dwarves’ characters?  What does each demonstrate about them?

– Define each of the following poetic terms and use them to analyze both the dwarves’ songs: assonance, repetition, imagery, onomatopoeia, tone, structure, and rhyme scheme.  Demonstrate how these elements in his songs add to the characterization of the dwarves.

Glossary of Poetic Terms  http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/display_rpo/poetterm.cfm

           page 14-15             at Bilbo’s house

                                   page 263-264        before the battle

Day 5:  Symbolic Objects/Tools

– Each member of your group must decide on a different specific object or tool that would best represent or support Thorin Oakenshield’s character.  For example, in The Odyssey, Athena’s wisdom could be represented by an owl.  While the members will draw each of the symbols on one collective poster, each individual will write a two-chunk paragraph explaining why the symbol is appropriate for Thorin.

Explore a World of Symbols  http://www.symbols.com/

Dictionary of Symbolism  http://www.umich.edu/~umfandsf/symbolismproject/symbolism.html/

–  Each member will select a different season of the year and write a two chunk paragraph that demonstrates how his/her particular season mirrors the journey of Bilbo Baggins.

Day 6:  Travel and Tourism: Lonely Mountain

Each member will do ONE of the following:

Now that the dwarves have reclaimed Lonely Mountain from Smaug, travel and tourism to and from The Lonely Mountain and nearby Laketown has been booming!  Your group is compiling promotional information (including re-naming Lonely Mountain to something more pleasant and dwarf-ish) in order to attract visitors to come and spend their gold in the area.

  –  Create an overall guidebook to Lonely Mountain that includes:

* a detailed map of the region

* enticing reasons why the Lonely Mountain area is the place

for anyone’s next vacation

* climate information

* transportation available

* quotations from previous visitors praising The Lonely Mountain

area

* coupons to local attractions, restaurants, and

accommodations

–  Create a hotel brochure that includes:

* accommodations listings

* amenities

* prices

* promotional package deals

* what’s nearby to do/go to eat

– Create a restaurant menu that includes:

* appetizers, entrees, salads, soups, desserts with descriptions

* lunch/dinner specials

* background information about this family-run business

– Create a museum or recreation brochure that includes at least three “must see” attractions in Lonely Mountain and Laketown.

                  * what makes each attraction so special?

* prices

* special discounts

– Create a local newspaper’s sports section that describes various sporting events available in The Lonely Mountain and Laketown areas.  Write at least one article reviewing a particular event that includes players’ names and some kinds of statistics.

Day 7:  Thorin’s Journal

Each member will do ALL of the following:

Each member of your group will create a series of journal responses for Thorin Oakenshield.  Do not merely write your responses on lined paper or type them on a word processor… neither of these would exist in Middle Earth.  Use your imagination and create a journal that would not look out of place in Thorin’s home. 

FCAs:

1. Each response must be at least 150 words in length. 

2. Each response must contain at least three appropriately used vocabulary words from the unit.

3. Each response must create an appropriate “voice” for Thorin.

Respond to each of the following:

     –  Thorin’s reaction to Gandalf’s recommendation of Bilbo as a burgler

     –  Thorin’s reaction after meeting Bilbo and preparing to leave on the journey

     –  Thorin’s thoughts while in the Elvenking’s dungeon

     –  Thorin’s search for the Arkenstone

     –  Thorin’s deathbed journal entry (final thoughts)

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English 9 Regents: The Hobbit WebQuest (The Wizards)

Welcome members of Gandalf’s group!  You will need to collaborate on each of the following to complete your web quest.

Day 1:  Characterization

Each member must complete ONE of the following for Gandalf’s character:

–  A physical description of Gandalf (with hand-drawn, labeled picture based on textual information)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing the basic characteristics of wizards

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two positive character traits of Gandalf (use parenthetical documentation)

–  A two chunk paragraph with textual support describing two negative character traits of Gandalf (use parenthetical documentation)

Wizards: Gandalf  http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/g/gandalf.html

Thoughts on Wizards  http://www.pattern.com/wizards.html

Gandalf Biography   http://www.tuckborough.net/gandalf.html

Day 2:  Creature Features

All members of the group will do the following:

Using the links below, find out all you can about Orcs.  One person in your group will illustrate an orc based on your findings (not the same artist for the characterization!).   The remaining members will EACH write a two chunk paragraph describing the various characteristics and habits of Orcs.  Make sure to consult with one another so that you have different responses! 

Wikipedia: Orcs  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orcs

Encyclopedia of Arda: Orcs  http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/default.asp?url=http://www.glyphweb.com/arda/raceorcs.html

Day 3:  Specialties: Gandalf certainly knows how to make an impression with his fireworks displays!  His magical powers keep others on their toes as well; even those in the animal world.  Birds certainly seem to flock to Gandalf bringing him messages and other important information.

Each member will complete ONE of the following:

– Celebrations: Select (or create) a holiday that would have been celebrated by Wizards.  In at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget your intro and your conclusion!), describe the significance of the holiday as well as activities that all good Wizards would engage in!

Celebrating the Seasons

*NOTE: this site lists ancient, earth-based holidays such as those that would probably have been celebrated in Middle Earth.  The information is for accuracy of the setting of the novel and is not intended to support or challenge any religious beliefs.  

http://www.circlesanctuary.org/pholidays/PaganHolidays.html

– Fireworks:  Ah yes, Gandalf and his pyrotechnics!  It seems to be the thing that Bilbo remembered most about Gandalf’s previous visits to The Shire.  Obviously, Gandalf knows quite a bit about how to create fireworks as well as all safety precautions necessary (remember Merry and Pippin’s escapade in The Fellowship of the Rings?)  In at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget your intro and your conclusion!), discuss the history of fireworks as well as how to be safe while using them.

The History of Fireworks  http://www.twilightbridge.com/hobbies/festivals/independence/historyfireworks.htm

Longwood Gardens: Fireworks History

http://www.longwoodgardens.org/Fireworks/FireworksHistory.htm

      – Birds:  Gandalf certainly has a way with the animal kingdom, especially those of the winged variety.  In the novel , eagles, thrushes, and ravens talk to others, providing important information.  For each of these, in at least three two-chunk body paragraphs (don’t forget an intro and a concllusion!), describe the aid that is given to the company while on their journey.  Using the symbolism links below, research the symbolic meaning of each type of bird (eagle, thrush, raven) and add your findings to your “chunks”.

Bird Symbolism  http://members.aol.com/ivycleartoes/birds.html

More Bird Symbolism  http://www.brigids-haven.com/bos/info/birds.html

      – Magic:  Gandalf’s magical powers were able to help the company along their journey as well as in the battle at the end.  Fantasy novels that include such magical “people” have become very popular in today’s culture.  Harry Potter has not only taken over the book shelves and gotten kids to put down their video games and read, he has taken over the big screen and his product line has contributed much to the American economy.  Now THAT’S magic!  In at least three two-chunk body paragraphs, explain the impact of the Harry Potter phoenomenon on American culture.

Official J.K. Rowling Site: Harry Potter   http://www.jkrowling.com/en/thankyou.cfm

Scholastic.Com: Harry Potter  http://www.scholastic.com/harrypotter/home.asp

Wikipedia’s Harry Potter  http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harry_Potter

Day 4:  Riddles and Songs

Each member of the group will do ALL of the following:

–  In Chapter 5, Gollum and Bilbo have a riddle contest deep in the underground tunnels of Misty Mountain.  Their riddles use clues and hints to try to describe a specific thing.

Read and, in a one-chunk paragraph, explain each of the following riddles from Bilbo and Gollum’s contest:

This thing all things devours:

                        Birds, beasts, trees, flowers;

                        Gnaws iron, bites steel;

                        Grinds hard stones to meal;

                        Slays kings, ruins towns,

                        And beats high mountain down.

 

                        An eye in a blue face

                        Saw an eye in a green face.

                        “That eye is like to this eye”

                        Said the first eye,

                        “But in a low place

                         Not in a high place.”

     –  Choose a common object and brainstorm as many qualities as you can about it.  Then, using rhyme, devise a four-lined to eight-lined riddle using the traits of the object that would stump even Bilbo! 

Looking at Riddle Formation  http://www.geocities.com/d_champions_hall/ezine/article2.htm

– Well, we all know that Gandalf isn’t much for singing himself, but he certainly seems to enjoy a good tune!  Re-read the songs of the dwarves while at Beorn’s home and of the men at Laketown from The Hobbit.  For each, summarize the message/central idea of the song and relate the idea to the singers.  Does each song support what we as readers know about the dwarves’ and the men’s characters?  What does each demonstrate about them?

– Define each of the following poetic terms and use them to analyze both the dwarves’ song at Beorn’s home and the song of the men at Laketown: assonance, repetition, imagery, onomatopoeia, tone, structure, and rhyme scheme.  Demonstrate how these elements in his songs add to the characterization of the singers.

Glossary of Poetic Terms  http://rpo.library.utoronto.ca/display_rpo/poetterm.cfm

                page 126-127     the dwarves’ song at Beorn’s

                              page 197          the men of Laketown’s song

Day 5:  Symbolic Objects/Tools

– Each member of your group must decide on a different specific object or tool that would best represent or support Gandalf’s character.  For example, in The Odyssey, Athena’s wisdom could be represented by an owl.  While the members will draw each of the symbols on one collective poster, each individual will write a two-chunk paragraph explaining why the symbol is appropriate for Gandalf.

Explore a World of Symbols  http://www.symbols.com/

Dictionary of Symbolism  http://www.umich.edu/~umfandsf/symbolismproject/symbolism.html/

– Each member will select a different season of the year and write a two chunk paragraph that demonstrates how his/her particular season mirrors the journey of Bilbo Baggins.

Day 6:  Travel and Tourism: The Misty Mountains

Each member will do ONE of the following:

Although it’s not known where Gandalf hangs his hat and calls home, it’s apparent that he displays a certain fondness for The Misty Mountains.  Yeah, it’s cold and snowy, but your group is compiling promotional information in order to attract visitors to come and spend their gold in The Misty Mountains.

  –  Create an overall guidebook to The Misty Mountains that includes:

* a detailed map of the region

* enticing reasons why The Misty Mountains is the place for

anyone’s next vacation

* climate information

* transportation available

* quotations from previous visitors praising The Misty Mountains

* coupons to local attractions, restaurants, and

accommodations

–  Create a hotel brochure that includes:

* accommodations listings

* amenities

* prices

* promotional package deals

* what’s nearby to do/go to eat

– Create a restaurant menu that includes:

* appetizers, entrees, salads, soups, desserts with descriptions

* lunch/dinner specials

* background information about this family-run business

– Create a museum or recreation brochure that includes at least three “must see” attractions in The Misty Mountains.

                  * what makes each attraction so special?

* prices

* special discounts

– Create a local newspaper’s sports section that describes various sporting events available in The Misty Mountains.  Write at least one article reviewing a particular event that includes players’ names and some kinds of statistics.

Day 7:  Gandalf’s Journal

Each member will do ALL of the following:

Each member of your group will create a series of journal responses for Gandalf.  Do not merely write your responses on lined paper or type them on a word processor… neither of these would exist in Middle Earth.  Use your imagination and create a journal that would not look out of place in Gandalf’s travel bag. 

FCAs:

1. Each response must be at least 150 words in length. 

2. Each response must contain at least three appropriately used vocabulary words from the unit.

3. Each response must create an appropriate “voice” for Gandalf.

Respond to each of the following:

     –  What might Gandalf have written in his journal the night before he arrived in the Shire to invite Bilbo to go on an adventure?

     –  Gandalf’s reaction to his initial visit with Bilbo

     –  Gandalf’s reaction to Bilbo’s decision to join the company

     –  Gandalf’s feelings before he leaves Bilbo in charge of the company

     –  Gandalf’s decision to return to the company

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Filed under Domain 1: Planning and Preparation, Domain 3: Instruction, English 9 Regents